Overview of Express Entry
Launched in January 2015, Canada Express Entry is flagship application management system for the following economic immigration categories:
- The Federal Skilled Worker Program
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
Express Entry provides the Government of Canada with the means to manage the intake of applications for permanent residence under these specific economic immigration categories, while also facilitating the selection of individuals who are most likely to succeed in Canada.
How Express Entry works
The Express Entry system manages applications for permanent residence through a two-step process. First, individuals express their interest in immigrating to Canada by completing an online profile, which is then screened electronically to determine if the individual is eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, or the Canadian Experience Class. Individuals who meet the eligibility criteria for at least one of these programs are placed in the Express Entry pool. They are assigned a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score based on the information in their profile compared to a transparent scoring criteria, including factors such as education, language ability, and work experience. Candidates in the pool are ranked against one another based on their CRS score.
Second, every few weeks, a Ministerial Instruction is published specifying the number of invitations to apply (ITA) for permanent residence that will be sent to candidates in the Express Entry pool on a specific date. The Ministerial Instruction may also specify that the ITA round will target one or more of the Express Entry economic immigration categories. For a given round, invitations are issued to candidates, in descending CRS score rank order, until the maximum number of invitations specified in the associated Ministerial Instruction is met. The profiles of candidates who do not receive an ITA, or decline an ITA, remain in the pool for up to 12 months. Candidates who receive an ITA but do not react are withdrawn from the pool.
Candidates that receive an ITA have 60 days to submit an online application for permanent residence to IRCC.
Express Entry 2019 Highlights
- 83,300 ITAs issued in the year 2019.
- 41800 ITA were issued in first half of the year while 43,500 ITA was issued in later half.
- Year 2019 Observed fewest ITA as compared to 2017 and 2018 which had 86,023 and 89,800 ITA respectively.
- Total 26 draw conducted (24 draws for FSW, 2 Draws of FSTP).
- Lowest CRS for FSW draw was 438 (30 Jan) and highest was 475 (30 Oct).
- Three draws were conducted in January, May and October Month each.
- In February, Only one draw was conducted.
CRS trend 2019
Year 2019 started with 3 draw in January month and a CRS score of 438 was observed in 3RD draw of the year held on 30th of January 2019, which was eventually lowest of the year. As usual, two special draw was conducted for Federal Skilled Trade Program (FSTP) one on 15-May (332 ITA) and other on 16 October 2019(357 ITA) with minimum CRS of 500 on both instance.
CRS score remained consistent throughout the year and remained on higher side.One of the reason for high CRS was less number of draws as compared to past years. 26 draws were conducted in 2019 while 28 and 30 draws were conducted in 2018 and 2017 respectively.
Variation observed in number of ITA throughout the year. Draw with 3350 ITA was conducted 10 times while 3600 ITA was issued 8 times. 3900 ITA were issued only 4 times. 2 special draw for FSTP with 500 ITA was conducted 2 times.In the year end, 2 smaller draws of 3200 ITA was conducted.
Total number of ITA issued in year 2019 year is reduced as compared to the past years. 4500 less ITA issued in year 2019 as compared to the year 2018.
What to expect in year 2020
Canada’s new Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, Marco Mendicino, should be in a position to table the 2019 Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration in March,2020. The report is usually released by November 1 each year, but this was delayed because of the federal election on October 21.
This report is significant because it provides insight into the federal government’s immigration priorities. Perhaps its most notable aspect will be Canada’s 2020-2022 Immigration Levels Plan. We already know the federal government’s immigration targets for 2020 (341,000 newcomers) and 2021 (350,000 newcomers)through Canada Express Entry.
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